IP protection classes: Safe against dust & water

Whether continuous rain, sandstorm or snowstorm: Especially outdoors, electronics must be protected from dust and water. For applications outside or in damp rooms, dusty factory halls or even under water, you will find suitable products at EFB-Elektronik. We explain what IP protection classes are all about and what the IP designations mean.

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Applications with IP protection classes


The IP protection class describes the protective effect of products against foreign bodies and moisture. Particularly in harsh environments, reliable data transmission that defies external influences is essential. Whether in dusty industrial halls or outdoors, where the components are exposed to the weather. This also includes FTTx installation.





Safe protection in harsh environments

Protection against contact, foreign objects or even dust
Water protection
For industry, outdoor or FTTH





IP protection classes in accordance with IEC 60 529 (EN 60 529)

The abbreviation IP stands for International Protection (or Ingress Protection). Electrical components and devices are subdivided according to their suitability for different environmental conditions according to an IP coding. This consists of a two-digit code number. The first digit of the protection class stands for the scope of protection of a plug connection with regard to contact or foreign bodies. The second digit classifies the protection against moisture.

Non-protected marketing terms such as "waterproof" do not provide a standardized definition of the extent to which a product is protected against moisture, ingress and dirt. The IP protection classes, on the other hand, designate the degree of protection specifically and in a standardized manner. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)





All IP protection types: Explanation

Dust protection (first code number) can have a value from 1 to 6. As the number increases, the ability of the product to resist the ingress of foreign objects and dust increases. For example, a product with an IP2X rating can resist foreign objects 12.5 mm or larger in size, while an object with an IP6X rating is dustproof.

The second code number, liquid protection, follows the same format but can have a value from 1 to 8. The higher the number, the higher the protection against liquid penetration. For example, devices with an IPX4 protection rating can withstand 5 minutes of continuous splashing water. To be rated, certain angles, physical pressure and volume requirements must be met during testing. The IP rating system's rigorous testing process ensures standardization among testing facilities around the world.





Alle IP Schutzarten: Tabelle mit Erklärung

Ziffer 1: Schutz vor Eindringen & Staub Ziffer 2: Schutz vor Feuchtigkeit & Wasser
(oder X): Kein besonderer Schutz.  0   0  (oder X): Kein besonderer Schutz.
Schutz vor versehentlichem Berühren z. B. mit einer Hand und vor festen Gegenständen mit einem Durchmesser von mehr als 50 mm.  1   1  Schutz gegen senkrecht fallende Tropfen, wie z. B. Kondenswasser.
Schutz gegen Finger oder andere Gegenstände mit einer Länge von nicht mehr als 80 mm und einem Durchmesser von nicht mehr als 12 mm (versehentlicher Fingerkontakt).  2   2  Schutz gegen Tropfwasser bei einer Neigung von bis zu 15°.
Schutz vor dem Eindringen von Werkzeugen, Drähten usw. mit einem Durchmesser von 2,5 mm oder mehr.  3   3  Schutz gegen Sprühwasser bis zu 60° gegen die Senkrechte.
Schutz vor Fremdkörpern, die größer als 1 mm sind (Drähte, Nägel, Schrauben, größere Insekten und andere potenziell invasive kleine Gegenstände).  4   4  Keine schädlichen Auswirkungen bei Wasserspritzern aus allen Richtungen. Mindestens 10 Minuten lang mit einem oszillierenden Strahl getestet.
Teilweiser Schutz gegen Staub, der die Ausrüstung beschädigen könnte.  5   5  Keine schädlichen Auswirkungen bei Niederdruck-Strahlwasser (6,3 mm) aus allen Richtungen.
Vollständig staubdicht. Vollständiger Schutz gegen Staub und andere Partikel, einschließlich einer Vakuumdichtung, die gegen einen kontinuierlichen Luftstrom getestet wurde.  6   6  Schutz gegen direktes Strahlen mit hohem Druck.
 7  Keine schädlichen Auswirkungen bei vollständigem Untertauchen bis zu 30 Minuten in einer Tiefe zwischen 15 cm und 1 Meter.
 8  Schutz gegen längeres Eintauchen unter höherem Druck (d. h. in größeren Tiefen). Die genauen Parameter dieser Prüfung werden vom Hersteller festgelegt und bekannt gegeben und können je nach Gerätetyp zusätzliche Faktoren wie Temperaturschwankungen und Durchflussmengen umfassen.





The most common IP protection classes for EFB-Elektronik products

  • IP40: Components with IP40 protection are protected against foreign objects with a diameter greater than 1 mm.
  • IP54 & IP55: IP54 and IP55 products are protected against dust and water. IP54 provides protection against splashing water from any direction. IP55 products even protect against a jet of water from a nozzle impinging from all directions.
  • IP65: With IP65 protection, there is protection against water jets as well as against the entry of dust (dust-tight).
  • IP67 & IP68: IP67 and IP68 products are dustproof and waterproof. They provide 100% protection against touch, moisture and the elements. Our IP67 connectors protect against water when submerged. IP68 connector systems even provide protection for continuous submersion.





IK Protection according to IEC 62262

The IK protection class describes the protection against shocks or impacts. According to EN 50102 and EN 62262, or internationally according to IEC 62262, the impact energies that an enclosure can withstand are described. In practice, this refers to the resistance of outdoor enclosures to vandalism, for example.

IK-code Impact energy in joules
 
IK00
 
no protection
 
IK01
 
0,14, fist punch
 
IK02
 
0,2, fist punch
 
IK03
 
0,35, fist punch
 
IK04
 
0,5, fist punch
 
IK05
 
0,7, fist punch
 
IK06
 
1,0, Blow with a 500-gram hammer from a distance of 20 cm
 
IK07
 
2,0, Blow with a 500-gram hammer from a distance of 40 cm
 
IK08
 
5,0, Blow with a 1.7 kg hammer from a distance of 30 cm
 
IK09
 
10,0, Blow with a 5 kg hammer from a distance of 20 cm
 
IK10
 
20,0, 20.0 joules, hitting with a 5 kg hammer, baseball bat, kicking or throwing projectiles from a distance of 40 cm
 
IK10+
 
50,0, Vandal-proof, e.g. for warehouses, sports halls, surveillance cameras





Our products with IP protection class

Item no. KS55-2488GR.1,5

19" Cabinet 24U IP55 with Side Cooling 1.5 kW
Cooling capacity, usable at 35 °C: 1420 W
U: 24
With Air Funnel Ø 150 mm: False

Item no. 692524IP55.GR

19" Network Cabinet 42U 600x600, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 600 mm
Number of height units: 24 U
Width: 600 mm

Item no. KS55-4280GR.1,9

19" Cabinet 42U IP55 with Side Cooler 1.9 kW
Cooling capacity, usable at 35 °C: 1960 W
U: 42
With Air Funnel Ø 150 mm: False

Item no. 692442IP55.TS

19" Network Cabinet 42U 800x1000, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL9005
Colour: black
Depth: 1000 mm
Number of height units: 42 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 691742IP55.TS

19" Network Cabinet 42U 800x800, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL9005
Colour: black
Depth: 800 mm
Number of height units: 42 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 692442IP55.GR

19" Network Cabinet 42U 800x1000, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 1000 mm
Number of height units: 42 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 692724IP55.GR

19" Network Cabinet 24U 800x800, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 800 mm
Number of height units: 24 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 691750WIP.1

Plinth for 19" Wall Housing IP55, Depth 450 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Height: 100 mm
Suitable for enclosure building depth: 450 mm
Suitable for enclosure building width: 600 mm

Item no. 692524IP55.TS

19" Network Cabinet 42U 600x600, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL9005
Colour: black
Depth: 600 mm
Number of height units: 24 U
Width: 600 mm

Item no. 691942NIP40

Network Cabinet 42U, IP40, W=600 D=600 H=1980, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 600 mm
Number of height units: 42 U
Width: 600 mm

Item no. 691716IP55.1

19" Wall Housing IP55, 16U, Steel Door, Depth 450 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 450 mm
Height: 810 mm
Max. Load: 100 kg

Item no. 691742IP55.GR

19" Network Cabinet 42U 800x800, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 800 mm
Number of height units: 42 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 691709IP55.2

19" Wall Housing IP55, 9U, Steel Door, Depth 600 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 600 mm
Height: 500 mm
Max. Load: 100 kg

Item no. 102131.2

Hinge for Wall Housing IP55, Set 2 Pieces
Hinge adjustable: False
Inlying hinge: True
Material: Steel
Max. opening angle: 120 °

Item no. 692724IP55.TS

19" Network Cabinet 24U 800x800, IP55, with Pre-Assembled Plinth, RAL9005
Colour: black
Depth: 800 mm
Number of height units: 24 U
Width: 800 mm

Item no. 691750WIP.2

Plinth for 19" Wall Housing IP55, Depth 600 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Height: 100 mm
Suitable for enclosure building depth: 600 mm
Suitable for enclosure building width: 600 mm

Item no. FTTH-BOX-OUT-6

FTTH IP65 Connectionbox for 96 fiber and Fiber overlength box
Access Control: Special screw/ Seal

Item no. FTTH-BOX-OUT-7

FTTH IP65 Connectionbox for 144 fiber and Fiber overlength box
Access Control: Special screw/ Seal

Item no. 691712IP55.1G

19" Wall Housing IP55, 12U, Glass Door, Depth 450 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 450 mm
Height: 630 mm
Max. Load: 100 kg

Item no. 691709IP55.2G

19" Wall Housing IP55, 9U, Glass Door, Depth 600 mm, RAL7035
Colour: grey
Depth: 600 mm
Height: 500 mm
Max. Load: 100 kg

Item no. 46049.1

TT Distribution Box 4 20pairs IP54, WxHxD = 103x185x90mm
Max. number of dual cores: 20
Type: TT Small Distribution Box 4

Item no. 46050.2

TT Mini Distributor 1 30DA IP54 , BxHxT = 166x240x99mm
Max. number of dual cores: 30
Type: TT Small Distribution Box 1





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EFB-Elektronik: IP protection for your network components

EFB-Elektronik is your contact for electrical components, devices and housings with the right IP protection class for you. As one of the leading manufacturers for network technology, we equip our customers from the installation industry, the specialized and wholesale trade as well as in the industry and IT sector with the appropriate components. FTTH technologykSingle Pair EthernetPower over Ethernet and complex structured cabling: We are at your side with our expertise, additional information material and innovative system solutions. Together we ensure the success of your network project. On request, we also design and create professional complete systems made to measure. Together with the EFB-Elektronik engineers you will find the perfect solution.